Reference Entry

Mahler, Gustav (1860 - 1911), composer, conductor

Peter Franklin

in Grove Music Online

Volume Grove Music Online, issue Published in print January 2001 |
Published online January 2001 | e-ISBN: 9781561592630

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(b Kalischt, nr Iglau [now Kaliště, Jihlava], Bohemia, 7 July 1860; d Vienna, 18 May 1911). Austrian composer and conductor. He wrote large-scale symphonic works and songs (many with orchestra) and established a career as a powerful and innovatory conductor; while director of the Vienna Hofoper between 1897 and 1907 he provided a model of post-Wagnerian idealism for the German musical theatre. His compositions were initially regarded by some

Keywords: Background, childhood, education, 1860–80; Early conducting career, 1880–83; Kassel, 1883–5; Prague, 1885–6, and Leipzig, 1886–8; Budapest, 1888–91; Hamburg, 1891–7; Vienna, 1897–1907; Europe and New York, 1907–11; Musical style; ‘Das klagende Lied’, early songs, First Symphony; Second, Third and Fourth Symphonies, later ‘Wunderhorn’ songs; Fifth and Sixth Symphonies, Rückert settings; Seventh and Eighth Symphonies, ‘Das Lied von der Erde’; Ninth and Tenth Symphonies

Reference Entry.  24378 words. 

Subjects: Music

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