Reference Entry


David Toop, Charise Cheney and Loren Kajikawa

in Grove Music Online

Volume Grove Music Online - The Grove Dictionary of American Music, 2nd edition, issue Published in print January 2013 |
Published online July 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781561592630

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A predominantly African American musical style that first gained prominence in the late 1970s. The most widely recognized element of hip-hop culture, it is characterized by semi-spoken rhymes declaimed over a rhythmic musical backing. Early rap music drew heavily on the sampling of pre-existing recordings and the use of DJ mixing techniques. Increasingly, this art of “beats and rhymes” has been influenced by producers responsible for beat-making and assembling tracks, working alongside rappers who craft

Keywords: To 1983; 1984–9; 1990–99; Since 2000; Rap aesthetics

Reference Entry.  5397 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Music

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