Journal Article

Disseminating best-evidence health-care to Indigenous health-care settings and programs in Australia: identifying the gaps

A. Clifford, L. Jackson Pulver, R. Richmond, A. Shakeshaft and R. Ivers

in Health Promotion International

Volume 24, issue 4, pages 404-415
Published in print December 2009 | ISSN: 0957-4824
Published online November 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2245 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dap039
Disseminating best-evidence health-care to Indigenous health-care settings and programs in Australia: identifying the gaps

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Indigenous Australians experience a disproportionately greater burden of harm from smoking, poor nutrition, alcohol misuse and physical inactivity (SNAP risk factors) than the general Australian population. A critical step in further improving efforts to reduce this harm is to review existing efforts aimed at increasing the uptake of evidence-based interventions in Indigenous-specific health-care settings and programs. This study systematically identifies and reviews published Indigenous-specific dissemination studies targeting SNAP interventions. An electronic search of eight databases and a manual search of reference lists of previous literature reviews were undertaken. Eleven dissemination studies were identified for review: six for nutrition and physical activity as a component of diabetes care, three for alcohol and two for smoking. The majority of studies employed continuing medical education (n = 9 studies), suggesting that improving health-care providers’ knowledge and skills is a focus of current efforts to disseminate best-evidence SNAP interventions in Indigenous health-care settings. Only two studies evaluated reminder systems, despite their widespread use in Indigenous-specific health-care services, and only one study employed academic detailing, despite its cost-effectiveness at modifying health-care provider behavior. There is a clear need for more Indigenous-specific dissemination research targeting the uptake of secondary prevention and to establish reliable and valid measures of Indigenous-specific health-care delivery, in order to determine which dissemination strategies are most likely to be effective in Indigenous health-care settings and programs.

Keywords: Aboriginal health; dissemination; intervention; risk factors

Journal Article.  5327 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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