Journal Article

Quality of life associated with perceived stigma and discrimination among the floating population in Shanghai, China: a qualitative study

Ji-Wei Wang, Zhi-Ting Cui, Hong-Wei Cui, Chang-Nian Wei, Koichi Harada, Keiko Minamoto, Kimiyo Ueda, Kapilkumar N. Ingle, Cheng-Gang Zhang and Atsushi Ueda

in Health Promotion International

Volume 25, issue 4, pages 394-402
Published in print December 2010 | ISSN: 0957-4824
Published online June 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2245 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daq039
Quality of life associated with perceived stigma and discrimination among the floating population in Shanghai, China: a qualitative study

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SUMMARY

The floating population refers to the large and increasing number of migrants without local household registration status and has become a new demographic phenomenon in China. Most of these migrants move from the rural areas of the central and western parts of China to the eastern and coastal metropolitan areas in pursuit of a better life. The floating population of China was composed of 121 million people in 2000, and this number was expected to increase to 300 million by 2010. Quality of life (QOL) studies of the floating population could provide a critical starting point for recognizing the potential of regions, cities and local communities to improve QOL. This study explored the construct of QOL of the floating population in Shanghai, China. We conducted eight focus groups with 58 members of the floating population (24 males and 34 females) and then performed a qualitative thematic analysis of the interviews. The following five QOL domains were identified from the analysis: personal development, jobs and career, family life, social relationships and social security. The results indicated that stigma and discrimination permeate these life domains and influence the framing of life expectations. Proposals were made for reducing stigma and discrimination against the floating population to improve the QOL of this population.

Keywords: quality of life; qualitative; stigma; floating population

Journal Article.  5114 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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