Journal Article

Applying the social cognitive perspective to volunteer intention in China: the mediating roles of self-efficacy and motivation

Ji-Wei Wang, Chang-Nian Wei, Koichi Harada, Keiko Minamoto, Kimiyo Ueda, Hong-Wei Cui, Cheng-Gang Zhang, Zhi-Ting Cui and Atsushi Ueda

in Health Promotion International

Volume 26, issue 2, pages 177-187
Published in print June 2011 | ISSN: 0957-4824
Published online September 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2245 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daq056
Applying the social cognitive perspective to volunteer intention in China: the mediating roles of self-efficacy and motivation

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When predicting volunteer intention, much attention is paid to the volunteer organization environment (VOE). Given that self-efficacy and motivation have emerged as important predictors of volunteer intention, we adopted a combination of ideas of Bandura's social cognitive theory and Ajzen's theory of planned behavior integrating VOE, self-efficacy and motivation to examine their effects on volunteer intention and to determine whether self-efficacy and motivation mediate the relationship between VOE and volunteer intention. The subjects of this study consisted of 198 community health volunteers in Shanghai city, China. Exploratory factor analysis was performed to identify the factor structure using standard principal component analysis. Six new factors were revealed, including two VOE factors, relation with organization and support from government; two motivation factors, personal attitude and social recognition; self-efficacy and volunteer intention. The results of a hierarchical regression analysis indicated that relation with organization accounted for 14.8% of the variance in volunteer intention, and support from government failed to add significantly to variance in volunteer intention; self-efficacy and personal attitude motivation partially mediated the effects of relation with organization on volunteer intention; social recognition motivation did not mediate the relationship between relation with organization and volunteer intention; and relation with organization, self-efficacy and personal attitude motivation accounted for 33.7% of the variance in volunteer intention. These results provide support for self-efficacy and personal attitude motivation as mediators and provide preliminary insight into the potential mechanisms for predicting volunteer intention and improving volunteering by integrating VOE, self-efficacy and motivation factors.

Keywords: behaviour change; China; community health promotion; self-efficacy

Journal Article.  5393 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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