Journal Article

Development and implementation of a nutrition intervention programme in North West Pakistan: a realist framework

Monique Lhussier, Sonia Bangash, Fiona Dykes, Mukhtiar Zaman and Nicola M. Lowe

in Health Promotion International

Volume 27, issue 4, pages 453-462
Published in print December 2012 | ISSN: 0957-4824
Published online September 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2245 | DOI:
Development and implementation of a nutrition intervention programme in North West Pakistan: a realist framework

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Maternal and infant malnutrition is prevalent in rural regions of NW Pakistan. This article reports on the use of a combination of a realist Context–Mechanism–Outcome framework and participatory appraisal methods to facilitate the development of a locally sensitive and responsive nutritional intervention programme. Data were gathered through a series of focus group (FG) discussions with local lady health workers, as well as pregnant and breastfeeding women attending an Emergency Field Hospital in North West Pakistan between May 2008 and March 2009. A nutrition intervention programme was implemented that involved cookery demonstration kitchens and free food supplements, coupled with nutrition and healthcare information and advice for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Subsequent FG discussions revealed that the programme had a positive impact on knowledge gained by women in the community and generated an openness to receiving and spreading knowledge. The framework, which rested on the use of a double feedback loop, involving local women, lady health workers, local researchers and UK-based researchers, has enabled not only the establishment of the programme, but has also given the local team the tools to apply for, and gain, further funding for the development of nutrition support services. The development of such methodological tools, which empower local researchers and service providers (wherever located) to operationalize local knowledge and assess interventions, is particularly relevant in international financially-constrained contexts.

Keywords: breastfeeding; participatory style research; health promotion; poverty and health

Journal Article.  4739 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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