Journal Article

How have health promotion frameworks considered gender?

Karen Gelb, Ann Pederson and Lorraine Greaves

in Health Promotion International

Volume 27, issue 4, pages 445-452
Published in print December 2012 | ISSN: 0957-4824
Published online November 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2245 | DOI:
How have health promotion frameworks considered gender?

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This paper provides an overview of five key internationally recognized health promotion frameworks and assesses their consideration of gender. This analysis was conducted as part of the Promoting Health in Women project, a Canadian initiative focused on generating a framework for effective health promotion for women. To date, no review of health promotion frameworks has specifically focused on assessing the treatment of gender. This analysis draws on a comprehensive literature review that covered available literature on gender and health promotion frameworks published internationally between 1974 and 2010. Analysis of five key health promotion frameworks revealed that although gender was at times mentioned as a determinant of health, gender was never identified and integrated as a factor critical to successful health promotion. This superficial attention to the role of gender in health promotion is problematic as it limits our capacity to understand how gender influences health, health contexts and health promotion, as well as our ability to integrate gender into future comprehensive health promotion strategies.

Keywords: gender; gender and health promotion; framework

Journal Article.  4516 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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