Chapter

Approaches in comparative politics

B. Guy Peters

in Comparative Politics

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print March 2017 | ISBN: 9780198737421
Published online September 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780191851018 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hepl/9780198737421.003.0004
Approaches in comparative politics

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This chapter examines five main approaches in comparative politics that represent important contributions: old and new institutional analysis, interest approach, ideas approach, individual approach, and the influence of the international environment. The role of ‘interaction’ is also explored. After explaining the use of theory in comparative political analysis, the chapter considers structural functionalism, systems theory, Marxism, corporatism, institutionalism, governance, and comparative political economy. It also discusses behavioural and rational choice approaches, how political culture helps to understand political behaviour in different countries, self-interest in politics, and the implications of globalization for comparative politics. The chapter concludes by assessing the importance of looking at political processes and of defining what the ‘dependent variables’ are.

Keywords: comparative politics; institutional analysis; interest approach; ideas approach; individual approach; international environment; interaction; rational choice; political culture; dependent variable

Chapter.  10378 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics ; Political Methodology

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