Journal Article

Knowledge, risk perception of AIDS and reported sexual behaviour among students in secondary schools and colleges in Tanzania

E. S. Maswanya, K. Moji, I. Horiguchi, K. Nagata, K. Aoyagi, S. Honda and T. Takemoto

in Health Education Research

Volume 14, issue 2, pages 185-196
Published in print April 1999 | ISSN: 0268-1153
Published online April 1999 | e-ISSN: 1465-3648 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/her/14.2.185
Knowledge, risk perception of AIDS and reported sexual behaviour among students in secondary schools and colleges in Tanzania

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A questionnaire survey was carried out among 1041 students in secondary schools and colleges in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania to evaluate the relationship between HIV-risky sexual behaviour and anti-condom bias, as well as with AIDS-related information, knowledge, perceptions and attitudes. Self-reportedly, 54% of students (75% of the boys and 40% of the girls) were sexually active, 39% had a regular sexual partner and 13% had multiple partners in the previous year. The condom use rate was higher than previous reports. However, 30% of sexually active respondents did not always use condoms (Risk-1 behaviour) and 35% of those with multiple partners in the previous year did not always use condoms (Risk-2 behaviour). Multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that `sex partner hates condom' had association with both Risk-1 behaviour (OR 2.47; 95% CI 1.58–3.85) and Risk-2 behaviour (OR 2.47; 95% CI 1.10–5.48). `Use of condom prevents HIV infection' also had association with both Risk-1 behaviour (OR 2.09; 95% CI 1.19–3.67) and Risk-2 behaviour (OR 3.73; 95% CI 1.28–11.03). Students engaging in risky behaviour were aware of the risk, even though they failed to change their behaviour. Reasons for the AIDS epidemic among Tanzanian students and the importance of more effective AIDS education are also discussed.

Journal Article.  6127 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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