Journal Article

The Jewish Military Organization (ŻZW) in the Warsaw Ghetto

Moshe Arens

in Holocaust and Genocide Studies

Published on behalf of United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Volume 19, issue 2, pages 201-225
Published in print January 2005 | ISSN: 8756-6583
Published online January 2005 | e-ISSN: 1476-7937 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hgs/dci020
The Jewish Military Organization (ŻZW) in the Warsaw Ghetto

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  • Regional and National History
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The leadership of the Jewish Military Organization (ŻZW) emerged from the ranks of the Polish Betar membership after prewar leaders such as Menahem Begin fled to the east in advance of the German occupying forces. Many of the founders of the ŻZW had received military training in the Polish Army or in IZL cells (Irgun Zvai Leumi; National Military Organization) in the interwar period. Their personal contacts with Polish military officers would prove essential as they armed for battle with the Germans. This study considers the effect of the ŻZW leadership’s military background on the duration and effectiveness of Jewish resistance during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, comparing the composition and strategy of the ŻZW to those of Mordechai Anielewicz’s Jewish Fighting Organization (ŻOB).

Journal Article.  12274 words. 

Subjects: Military History ; Regional and National History ; Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing

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