Journal Article

The German-Romanian Relationship and the Final Solution

Jean Ancel

in Holocaust and Genocide Studies

Published on behalf of United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Volume 19, issue 2, pages 252-275
Published in print January 2005 | ISSN: 8756-6583
Published online January 2005 | e-ISSN: 1476-7937 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hgs/dci022
The German-Romanian Relationship and the Final Solution

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  • Military History
  • Regional and National History
  • Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing

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On January 14, 1941, Adolf Hitler revealed to the Romanian dictator Ion Antonescu the plan to invade the USSR, and on June 12, 1941 his “Guidelines for the Treatment of the Eastern Jews.” Well before the Wannsee Conference of January 20, 1942, Antonescu launched Romania’s Final Solution in response to Hitler’s cue. What we know of the Antonescu-Hitler connection argues against the functionalist interpretation of the Final Solution. Though subsequently forgotten, the Antonescu-Hitler understandings were invoked at the 1946 Paris Peace Conference, when the new communist government sought to blame Germany and exonerate Romania of responsibility in the death of the Jews deported to Transnistria in 1941/42.

Journal Article.  11328 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History ; Regional and National History ; Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing

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