Journal Article

Mutations in the γ<sub>2</sub> subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase cause familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: evidence for the central role of energy compromise in disease pathogenesis

Edward Blair, Charles Redwood, Houman Ashrafian, Marisa Oliveira, John Broxholme, Bronwyn Kerr, Anthony Salmon, Ingegerd Östman-Smith and Hugh Watkins

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 10, issue 11, pages 1215-1220
Published in print May 2001 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online May 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/10.11.1215
Mutations in the γ2 subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase cause familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: evidence for the central role of energy compromise  in disease pathogenesis

Show Summary Details

Preview

Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has been widely studied as a genetic model of cardiac hypertrophy and sudden cardiac death. HCM has been defined as a disease of the cardiac sarcomere, but mutations in the known contractile protein disease genes are not found in up to one-third of cases. Further, no consistent changes in contractile properties are shared by these mutant proteins, implying that an abnormality of force generation may not be the underlying mechanism of disease. Instead, all of the sarcomeric mutations appear to result in inefficient use of ATP, suggesting that an inability to maintain normal ATP levels may be the central abnormality. To test this hypothesis we have examined candidate genes involved in energy homeostasis in the heart. We now describe mutations in PRKAG2, encoding the γ2 subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), in two families with severe HCM and aberrant conduction from atria to ventricles in some affected individuals (pre-excitation or Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome). The mutations, one missense and one in-frame single codon insertion, occur in highly conserved regions. Because AMPK provides a central sensing mechanism that protects cells from exhaustion of ATP supplies, we propose that these data substantiate energy compromise as a unifying pathogenic mechanism in all forms of HCM. This conclusion should radically redirect thinking about this disorder and also, by establishing energy depletion as a cause of myocardial dysfunction, should be relevant to the acquired forms of heart muscle disease that HCM models.

Journal Article.  4668 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.