Journal Article

Genetic variation in the human urea transporter-2 is associated with variation in blood pressure

Koustubh Ranade, Kwan-Dun Wu, Chii-Min Hwu, Chih-Tai Ting, Dee Pei, Robert Pesich, Joan Hebert, Yii-Der I. Chen, Richard Pratt, Richard Olshen, Kamal Masaki, Neil Risch, David R. Cox and David Botstein

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 10, issue 19, pages 2157-2164
Published in print September 2001 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online September 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/10.19.2157
Genetic variation in the human urea transporter-2 is associated with variation in blood pressure

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The kidney, by regulating the volume of fluid in the body, plays a key role in regulating blood pressure (BP). The kidney uses primarily sodium and, to a lesser extent, urea to maintain the appropriate volume of fluid. Genetic variation in proteins that determine sodium reabsorption and excretion is known to significantly influence BP. However, the influence of genetic variation in urea transporters on BP has not been examined. We determined therefore whether nucleotide variation in the kidney-specific human urea transporter, HUT2, is associated with variation in BP. After determining the genomic structure of the coding sequence, seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified. Two of the SNPs result in Val/Ile and Ala/Thr amino acid substitutions at positions 227 and 357 in the HUT2 open reading frame, respectively. Another SNP is silent and four others are in introns or the 3′ untranslated region. Over 1000 hypertensive and low-normotensive individuals of Chinese origin were typed for five of these SNPs using a high-throughput genotyping method. The Ile227 and Ala357 alleles were associated with low diastolic BP in men but not women, with odds ratios 2.1 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5–2.7, P < 0.001] and 1.5 (95% CI 1.2–1.8, P < 0.001), respectively. There was a similar trend for systolic BP, and odds ratios for the Ile227 and Ala357 alleles were 1.7 (95% CI 1.2–2.3, P = 0.002) and 1.3 (95% CI 1.1–1.6, P = 0.007), respectively, in men.

Journal Article.  6184 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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