Journal Article

The Gene Responsible for Clouston Hidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia Maps to the Pericentromeric Region of Chromosome 13q

Zoha Kibar, Vazken M. Der Kaloustian, Bernard Brais, Valerie Hani, F. Clarke Fraser and Guy A. Rouleau

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 5, issue 4, pages 543-547
Published in print April 1996 | ISSN: 0964-6906
e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/5.4.543
The Gene Responsible for Clouston Hidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia Maps to the Pericentromeric Region of Chromosome 13q

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Hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED), Clouston type, is an autosomal dominant skin disorder which is most common in the French-Canadian population and is characterized by hair defects, nail dystrophy and palmoplantar hyperkeratosis. Biophysical and biochemical studies conducted in HED suggested a molecular abnormality of keratins. We tested eight French-Canadian families segregating HED for linkage to microsatellite markers flanking the known keratin genes and were able to exclude linkage to these loci. Therefore, a genome-wide search for the HED gene was initiated. The first lod score above 3.00 was obtained with the marker D13S175 located in the pericentromeric region of chromosome 13q (Zmax = 8.12 at zero recombination). The cumulative lod scores were above 3.00 for six other markers in the region. A multipoint linkage analysis using the markers D13S175, D13S141 and D13S143 gave a maximum lod score of 11.12 at D13S141 with the one-lod-unit support interval spanning a 12.7 cM region which includes D13S175 and D13S141. Haplotype analysis allowed us to establish D13S143 as the telomeric flanking marker for the HED candidate region.

Journal Article.  3032 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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