Journal Article

Genetic Variation at a Splicing Branch Point in Intron 9 of the Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL)-Receptor Gene: A Rare Mutation that Disrupts mRNA Splicing in a Patient with Familial Hypercholesterolaemia and a Common Polymorphism

Julie C. Webb, Dilip D. Patel, Carol C. Shoulders, Brian L. Knight and Anne K. Soutar

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 5, issue 9, pages 1325-1331
Published in print September 1996 | ISSN: 0964-6906
e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/5.9.1325
Genetic Variation at a Splicing Branch Point in Intron 9 of the Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL)-Receptor Gene: A Rare Mutation that Disrupts mRNA Splicing in a Patient with Familial Hypercholesterolaemia and a Common Polymorphism

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Mutations in the coding sequence, splice junctions or promoter of the gene for the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor are known to be the underlying cause of familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH), but mutations of this type cannot be identified in all patients with a clinical diagnosis of FH. We show here that minor sequence changes elsewhere in introns can be deleterious. A minor rearrangement 30 bp upstream from the junction of intron 9 with exon 10 was detected as a heteroduplex in amplified genomic DNA from one out of 300 heterozygous FH patients. The mutation destroys the only consensus sequence for a splicing branch point in intron 9 and analysis of mRNA from cells from the patient showed that it causes retention of intron 9 or, more rarely, in the use of cryptic splice sites in exon 10. The effect of the mutation on mRNA splicing was confirmed by analysis of mRNA in cells transfected with LDL-receptor mini-gene constructs expressing exons 9 and 10, together with the normal or mutant intron 9. A common C/T polymorphism within this branch point in intron 9 of the LDL-receptor gene does not affect mRNA splicing in vitro and is not associated with significant differences in mean plasma cholesterol concentration in a healthy population.

Journal Article.  4989 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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