Journal Article

Homozygosity Mapping of Achromatopsia to Chromosome 2 Using DNA Pooling

Nancy C. Arbour, Joel Zlotogora, Robert G. Knowlton, Saul Merin, Ada Rosenmann, Adam B. Kanis, Tatiana Rokhlina, Edwin M. Stone and Val C. Sheffield

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 6, issue 5, pages 689-694
Published in print May 1997 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online May 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/6.5.689
Homozygosity Mapping of Achromatopsia to Chromosome 2 Using DNA Pooling

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Achromatopsia is an autosomal recessive disease of the retina, characterized clinically by an inability to distinguish colors, impaired visual acuity, nystagmus and photophobia. A genome-wide search for linkage was performed using an inbred Jewish kindred from Iran. To facilitate the genome-wide search, we utilized a DNA pooling strategy which takes advantage of the likelihood that the disease in this inbred kindred is inherited by all affected individuals from a common founder. Equal molar amounts of DNA from all affected individuals were pooled and used as the PCR template for short tandem repeat polymorphic markers (STRPs). Pooled DNA from unaffected members of the kindred was used as a control. A reduction in the number of al-leles in the affected versus control pool was observed at several loci. Upon genotyping of individual family members, significant linkage was established between the disease phenotype and markers localized on chromosome 2. The highest LOD score observed was 5.4 (θ = 0). When four additional small unrelated families were genotyped, the combined peak LOD score was 8.2. Analysis of recombinant chromosomes revealed that the disease gene lies within a 30 cM interval which spans the centromere. Additional fine-mapping studies identified a region of homozygosity in all affected individuals, narrowing the region to 14 cM. A candidate gene for achromatopsia was excluded from this disease interval by radiation hybrid mapping. Linkage of achromatopsia to chromosome 2 is an essential first step in the identification of the disease-causing gene.

Journal Article.  2898 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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