Journal Article

Targeted Replacement of Normal and Mutant <i>CFTR</i> Sequences in Human Airway Epithelial Cells Using DNA Fragments

Kaarin K. Goncz, Karl Kunzelmann, Zhidong Xu and Dieter C. Gruenert

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 7, issue 12, pages 1913-1919
Published in print November 1998 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online November 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/7.12.1913
Targeted Replacement of Normal and Mutant CFTR Sequences in Human Airway Epithelial Cells Using DNA Fragments

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Recent studies have reported that mutant genomic cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) sequences can be corrected in transformed CF airway epithelial cell lines by targeted replacement with small fragments of DNA with wild-type sequence. To determine if the observed genotype modification following small fragment homologous replacement (SFHR) was limited to transformed CF cell lines, further studies were carried out in both transformed and non-transformed primary normal airway epithelial cells. The endogenous genotype of these normal cell lines was modified following liposome or dendrimer transfection using DNA fragments with ΔF508 CFTR sequence (488 nt, complementary single strands) designed to also contain a unique restriction enzyme cleavage site (XhoI). Replacement at the appropriate genomic locus by exogenous ΔF508 CFTR DNA and its expression as mRNA was demonstrated by PCR amplification of genomic DNA and mRNA-derived cDNA as well as XhoI digestion of the PCR products. These studies show that SFHR occurs in both transformed and non-transformed primary human airway epithelial cells and indicate that single base substitution (the silent mutation giving rise to the XhoI site) and deletion or insertion of at least three consecutive bases can be achieved in both normal and CF epithelial cells. Furthermore, these studies reiterate the potential of SFHR as a strategy for a number of gene targeting applications, such as site-specific mutagenesis, development of transgenic animals, development of isogenic cell lines and for gene therapy.

Journal Article.  5248 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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