Journal Article

LCR-Dependent Gene Expression in β-globin YAC Transgenics: Detailed Structural Studies Validate Functional Analysis Even in the Presence of Fragmented YACs

Kenneth R. Peterson, Patrick A. Navas, Qiliang Li and George Stamatoyannopoulos

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 7, issue 13, pages 2079-2088
Published in print December 1998 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online December 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/7.13.2079
LCR-Dependent Gene Expression in β-globin YAC Transgenics: Detailed Structural Studies Validate Functional Analysis Even in the Presence of Fragmented YACs

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Yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) transgenesis is associated with a high frequency of deletions in the integrated transgenes. To determine the impact of these rearrangements on the ability to derive structurefunction relationships using YACs, transgenic mice were generated with 248 or 155 kb β-globin locus YACs. The transgenics were examined for structural integrity of the YAC using an approach of structural analysis that unambiguously demonstrates intactness of YAC transgene copies. Globin gene expression per copy of each integrated transgene and the profiles of globin gene expression during development were determined. Diverse deletion patterns were observed in one or more integrated YACs in all the 248 and most of the 155 kb transgenic lines we analyzed. However, when the structure of the major regulatory element of the β-globin locus, the locus control region, was preserved, the genes of the β-globin locus functioned normally and globin transgenes of both the 248 and 155 kb β-YACs were expressed in a position-independent, copy number-dependent manner. Furthermore, the globin genes of both β-YACs displayed normal developmental regulation. We conclude that YACs can be used for analysis of structure-function relationships of large genes or multigene loci in spite of the tendency for rearrangements and deletions of the integrated transgenes. However, detailed structural evidence for integrity and continuity of locus sequences is required for correct interpretation of functional data.

Journal Article.  7555 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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