Journal Article

A Full Genome Screen for Autism with Evidence for Linkage to a Region on Chromosome 7q

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 7, issue 3, pages 571-578
Published in print March 1998 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online March 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/7.3.571
A Full Genome Screen for Autism with Evidence for Linkage to a Region on Chromosome 7q

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Autism is characterized by impairments in reciprocal social interaction and communication, and restricted and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities. Developmental difficulties are apparent before 3 years of age and there is evidence for strong genetic influences most likely involving more than one susceptibility gene. A two-stage genome search for susceptibility loci in autism was performed on 87 affected sib pairs plus 12 non-sib affected relative-pairs, from a total of 99 families identified by an international consortium. Regions on six chromosomes (4,7,10,16,19,22) were identified which generated a multipoint maximum lod score (MLS) > 1. A region on chromosome 7q was the most significant with an MLS of 3.55 near markers D7S530 and D7S684 in the subset of 56 UK affected sib-pair families, and an MLS of 2.53 in all 87 affected sib-pair families. An area on chromosome 16p near the telomere was the next most significant, with an MLS of 1.97 in the UK families, and 1.51 in all families. These results are an important step towards identifying genes predisposing to autism; establishing their general applicability requires further study.

Journal Article.  3506 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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