Journal Article

Mutations of the Flavin-Containing Monooxygenase Gene (<i>FMO3</i>) cause Trimethylaminuria, a Defect in Detoxication

E. P. Treacy, B. R. Akerman, L. M. L. Chow, R. Youil, C. Bibeau, J. Lin, A. G. Bruce, M. Knight, D. M. Danks, J. R. Cashman and S. M. Forrest

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 7, issue 5, pages 839-845
Published in print May 1998 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online May 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/7.5.839
Mutations of the Flavin-Containing Monooxygenase Gene (FMO3) cause Trimethylaminuria, a Defect in Detoxication

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Individuals with the recessive condition trimethylaminuria exhibit variation in metabolic detoxication of xenobiotics by hepatic flavin-containing mono-oxygenases. We show here that mutations in the human flavin-containing monooxygenase isoform 3 gene (FMO3) impair N-oxygenation of xenobiotics and are responsible for the trimethylaminuria phenotype. Three disease-causing mutations in nine Australian-born probands have been identified which share a particular polymorphic haplotype. Nonsense and missense mutations are associated with a severe phenotype and are also implicated in impaired metabolism of other nitrogen-and sulfur-containing substrates including biogenic amines, both clinically and when mutated proteins expressed from cDNA are studied in vitro. These findings illustrate the critical role played by human FMO3 in the metabolism of xenobiotic substrates and endogenous amines.

Journal Article.  4586 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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