There is a group of inherited cystic nephropathies that are characterized by juvenile onset recessive inheritance (familial juvenile nephronophthisis, FJN) or by adult onset dominant inheritance (medullary cystic disease, MCD) and share similar clinico-pathological presentation to the extent that they are usually grouped together under the term FJN/MCD complex. The main symptoms consist of renal cyst formation in the medulla or the corticomedullary junction and salt wasting. Although earlier reports had suggested that one single gene may be responsible for this pathology, recent reports have shown that the FJN complex itself comprises a genetically heterogeneous group. Here we are presenting two large Cypriot families that segregate autosomal dominant medullary cystic kidney disease (ADMCKD) with hyperuricemia and gout and with very late age of onset (mean 62.2 and 51.5 years). We performed DNA linkage mapping using highly polymorphic microsatellite markers and found linkage to marker locus D1S1595 at 1q21 with a two-point lod score of 6.45 at Θ = 0.00. Analysis of haplotypes and of critical recombinants enabled confinement of the disease locus within an ∼8 cM region between marker loci D1S498 and D1S2125. FISH mapping with a large P1 clone confirmed the physical localization within 1q21. The two families share the same disease haplotype, thus suggesting their relationship through a common ancestor and the possible existence of a single ADMCKD-causing mutation within these families. To our knowledge this is the first genetic locus identified to cause FJN/MCD pathology of the dominant adult type.
Journal Article. 3847 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Genetics and Genomics
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