Journal Article

Genome-Wide Search for Asthma Susceptibility Loci in a Founder Population

Carole Ober, Nancy J. Cox, Mark Abney, Anna Di Rienzo, Eric S. Lander, Benjarat Changyaleket, Heidi Gidley, Bradley Kurtz, June Lee, Marcus Nance, Anna Pettersson, Joyce Prescott, Anthony Richardson, Evelyn Schlenker, Eleanor Summerhill, Stephanie Willadsen and Rodney Parry

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 7, issue 9, pages 1393-1398
Published in print September 1998 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online September 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI:
Genome-Wide Search for Asthma Susceptibility Loci in a Founder Population

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Founder populations offer many advantages for mapping genetic traits, particularly complex traits that are likely to be genetically heterogeneous. To identify genes that influence asthma and asthma-associated phenotypes, we conducted a genome-wide screen in the Hutterites, a religious isolate of European ancestry. A primary sample of 361 individuals and a replication sample of 292 individuals were evaluated for asthma phenotypes according to a standardized protocol. A genome-wide screen has been completed using 292 autosomal and three X-Y pseudoautosomal markers. Using the semi-parametric likelihood ratio χ2 test and the transmission-disequilibrium test, we identified 12 markers in 10 regions that showed possible linkage to asthma or an associated phenotype (likelihood ratio P < 0.01). Markers in four regions (5q23–31, 12q15–24.1, 19q13 and 21q21) showed possible linkage in both the primary and replication samples and have also shown linkage to asthma phenotypes in other samples; two adjacent markers in one additional region (3p24.2–22) showing possible linkage is reported for the first time in the Hutterites. The results suggest that even in founder populations with a relatively small number of independent genomes, susceptibility alleles at many loci may influence asthma phenotypes and that these susceptibility alleles are likely to be common polymorphisms in the population.

Journal Article.  4932 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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