Journal Article

Global Sequence Diversity of <i>BRCA2</i>: Analysis of 71 Breast Cancer Families and 95 Control Individuals of Worldwide Populations

Teresa M. U. Wagner, Kora Hirtenlehner, Peidong Shen, Regina Moeslinger, Daniela Muhr, Elisabeth Fleischmann, Hans Concin, Walter Doeller, Anton Haid, Alois Hermann Lang, Peter Mayer, Edgar Petru, Erich Ropp, Gudrun Langbauer, Ernst Kubista, Otto Scheiner, Peter Underhill, Joanna Mountain, Michael Stierer, Cristoph Zielinski and Peter Oefner

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 8, issue 3, pages 413-423
Published in print March 1999 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online March 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/8.3.413
Global Sequence Diversity of BRCA2: Analysis of 71 Breast Cancer Families and 95 Control Individuals of Worldwide Populations

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of simple sequence variation in the BRCA2 gene. To this end, 71 breast and breast-ovarian cancer (HBC/HBOC) families along with 95 control individuals from a wide range of ethnicities were analyzed by means of denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) and direct sequence analysis. In the coding (10 257 bp) and non-coding (2799 bp) sequences of BRCA2, 82 sequence variants were identified. Three different, apparently disease-associated BRCA2 mutations were found in six HBC/HBOC families (8%): two splice site mutations in introns 5 and 21, and one frameshift mutation in exon 11. In the coding region, 53 simple sequence variants were found: 35 missense mutations, one 2 bp deletion (CT) resulting in a stop at codon 3364, one nonsense mutation with a stop at codon 3326, one deletion of a complete codon (AAA) resulting in the loss of leucine, and 15 silent mutations. In the non-coding region, 26 polymorphisms were detected. Of the 79 sequence variants that were not obviously disease-associated, eight were detected only in HBC/HBOC families. The remaining 71 variants were identified in both HBC/HBOC families and control individuals. Sixty three sequence variants (80%) were specific for a continent. Forty two percent (33 out of 79) of the sequence variants were detected exclusively in Africa, though only 13% of the 332 chromosomes screened were of African origin. Our data indicate that, in BRCA2, simple sequence variation is frequent [in the coding region 1 in 194 bp (θ = 2.2 10−4), and in the non-coding region 1 in 108 bp (θ = 4.4 × 10−4), respectively].

Journal Article.  5541 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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