Journal Article

Enoyl-CoA Hydratase Deficiency: Identification of a New Type of D-Bifunctional Protein Deficiency

Elisabeth G. van Grunsven, Petra A. W. Mooijer, Patrick Aubourg and Ronald J. A. Wanders

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 8, issue 8, pages 1509-1516
Published in print August 1999 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online August 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/8.8.1509
Enoyl-CoA Hydratase Deficiency: Identification of a New Type of D-Bifunctional Protein Deficiency

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D-bifunctional protein is involved in the peroxisomal β-oxidation of very long chain fatty acids, branched chain fatty acids and bile acid intermediates. In line with the central role of D-bifunctional protein in the β-oxidation of these three types of fatty acids, all patients with D-bifunctional protein deficiency so far reported in the literature show elevated levels of very long chain fatty acids, branched chain fatty acids and bile acid intermediates. In contrast, we now report two novel patients with D-bifunctional protein deficiency who both have normal levels of bile acid intermediates. Complementation analysis and D-bifunctional protein activity measurements revealed that both patients had an isolated defect in the enoyl-CoA hydratase domain of D-bifunctional protein. Subsequent mutation analysis showed that both patients are homozygous for a missense mutation (N457Y), which is located in the enoyl-CoA hydratase coding part of the D-bifunctional protein gene. Expression of the mutant protein in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae confirmed that the N457Y mutation s the disease-causing mutation. Immunoblot analysis of patient fibroblast homogenates showed that the protein levels of full-length D-bifunctional protein were strongly reduced while the enoyl-CoA hydratase component produced after processing within the peroxisome was undetectable, which indicates that the mutation leads to an unstable protein.

Journal Article.  6045 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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