Journal Article

Mice trisomic for a bacterial artificial chromosome with the single-minded 2 gene (<i>Sim2</i>) show phenotypes similar to some of those present in the partial trisomy 16 mouse models of Down syndrome

Roman Chrast, Hamish S. Scott, Rime Madani, Lars Huber, David P. Wolfer, Marco Prinz, Adriano Aguzzi, Hans-Peter Lipp and Stylianos E. Antonarakis

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 9, issue 12, pages 1853-1864
Published in print July 2000 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online July 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/9.12.1853
Mice trisomic for a bacterial artificial chromosome with the single-minded 2 gene (Sim2) show phenotypes similar to some of those present in the partial trisomy 16 mouse models of Down syndrome

Show Summary Details

Preview

The Drosophila single-minded (sim) transcription factor, is a master regulator of fruitfly neurogenesis. Recently, we have cloned and mapped a human homolog of sim, SIM2, to chromosome 21 in the so-called ‘Down syndrome chromosomal region’. Three copies of SIM2 may contribute to some Down syndrome (DS) phenotypes because of the mapping position function as transcriptional repressor, temporal and spatial expression pattern of mouse Sim2, and the potentially analogous role of human SIM2 to that of Drosophila sim during neurogenesis. In order to validate this hypothesis in vivo, we have created the first bacterial artificial chromosome transgenic mice overexpressing a gene possibly involved in DS with only one or two additional copies of mouse Sim2. The transgene was shown to be expressed in the same spatial pattern as the endo­genous gene. The mice develop normally, are fertile and do not show detectable histopathological abnormalities. However, detailed analysis of their behavior revealed anxiety-related/reduced exploratory behaviour and sensitivity to pain, phenotypes similar to those also present in other partial trisomy 16 mouse models of DS. Our data therefore suggest that overexpression of SIM2 contributes to some of the complex DS phenotypes.

Journal Article.  8224 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.