Journal Article

Restrained chondrocyte proliferation and maturation with abnormal growth plate vascularization and ossification in human FGFR-3<sup>G380R</sup> transgenic mice

Orit Segev, Irina Chumakov, Zvi Nevo, David Givol, Liora Madar-Shapiro, Yuri Sheinin, Miron Weinreb and Avner Yayon

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 9, issue 2, pages 249-258
Published in print January 2000 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online January 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/9.2.249
Restrained chondrocyte proliferation and maturation with abnormal growth plate vascularization and ossification in human FGFR-3G380R transgenic mice

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Achondroplasia, the most common genetic form of human dwarfism, results from a point mutation (G380R) in the gene for fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR-3). Heterozygotes for the mutation share disproportionate, proximal shortening of the limbs, mid-face hypoplasia and relative macrocephaly due to a failure in endochondral ossification. Here we have generated transgenic mice expressing the human mutant FGFR-3 under the transcriptional control of the mouse gene. Mice that are hemizygous for the mutant human gene display disproportionate dwarfism with skeletal phenotypes remarkably similar to those of human achondroplasia. Mice that are homozygous for the transgene suffer from a profound delay in skeletal development and die at birth, similar in that respect to humans homozygous for the achondroplasia mutant gene. Microscopic analysis of long bones demonstrates growth plate morphology compatible with that of human achondroplasia cases, sharing endochondral growth inhibition with restrained chondrocyte proliferation and maturation, penetration of ossification tufts and aberrant vascularization.

Journal Article.  6862 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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