Journal Article

Expression of the human <i>CFTR</i> gene from episomal oriP-EBNA1-YACs in mouse cells

Dori Huertas, Steve Howe, Amanda McGuigan and Clare Huxley

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 9, issue 4, pages 617-629
Published in print March 2000 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online March 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/9.4.617
Expression of the human CFTR gene from episomal oriP-EBNA1-YACs in mouse cells

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Plasmids carrying the origin of plasmid replication (oriP) and expressing the EBNA-1 protein from the Epstein–Barr virus replicate and segregate in human cells and are thus potentially useful vectors for gene therapy. As very large circular molecules, up to 660 kb in size, can be maintained episomally using this system, it is possible to include intact human genes with all their long-range controlling elements which might give high levels of tissue-specific and controlled gene expression. We have shown previously that a 320 kb yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) carrying the intact human CFTR gene can complement the Cambridge null cystic fibrosis mice as a transgene. We have now modified this YAC to a circular molecule carrying both oriP and the EBNA-1 gene. We show that this oriP-EBNA1-YAC can be stably maintained as unrearranged episomes in mouse LA-9 cells, which do not express endogenous cftr, and in mouse CMT-93 cells, which do express endogenous cftr. The human CFTR gene is expressed in some of the cell lines, but the level of expression is very variable between cell lines and is not related to the copy number of the elements.

Journal Article.  11049 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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