Journal Article

PQBP-1 transgenic mice show a late-onset motor neuron disease-like phenotype

Tomohiro Okuda, Hiroshi Hattori, Sousuke Takeuchi, Jun Shimizu, Hiroko Ueda, Jorma J. Palvimo, Ichiro Kanazawa, Hitoshi Kawano, Masaya Nakagawa and Hitoshi Okazawa

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 12, issue 7, pages 711-725
Published in print April 2003 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online April 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddg084
PQBP-1 transgenic mice show a late-onset motor neuron disease-like phenotype

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A body of experimental evidence indicates that transcription and/or mRNA processing factors interacting with the polyglutamine disease gene products play crucial roles in the pathology. PQBP-1 is one of these factors and it has been shown to interact with the spinocerebellar ataxia type-1 (SCA1) disease gene product, ataxin-1. Our previous data suggested that relatively high expression of PQBP-1 in the cerebellum might explain the selective neuronal degeneration of SCA1. To further test whether PQBP-1 expression level regulates neuronal death, we generated transgenic mice of human PQBP-1 driven by a regulatory element for ubiquitous gene expression. The mice showed a late-onset and gradually progressive motor neuron disease-like phenotype, which might be related to neurogenic muscular atrophy observed in SCA1 patients. Ataxia could not be discriminated from predominant progressive weakness. Pathological examinations of the transgenic mice revealed loss of Purkinje and granular cells in the cerebellum as well as that of spinal motor neurons, corresponding to the pathology of human SCA1. These findings show that excessive action of PQBP-1 causes neuronal dysfunction and support PQBP-1 being involved in the pathology of SCA1.

Journal Article.  8060 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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