Journal Article

Mitochondrial DNA depletion can be prevented by dGMP and dAMP supplementation in a resting culture of deoxyguanosine kinase-deficient fibroblasts

Jan-Willem Taanman, John R. Muddle and Ania C. Muntau

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 12, issue 15, pages 1839-1845
Published in print August 2003 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online August 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddg192
Mitochondrial DNA depletion can be prevented by dGMP and dAMP supplementation in a resting culture of deoxyguanosine kinase-deficient fibroblasts

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Deoxyguanosine kinase is a constitutively expressed, mitochondrial enzyme of the deoxyribonucleoside salvage pathway. Deficiency of deoxyguanosine kinase causes early-onset, hepatocerebral mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome. To clarify the molecular mechanism of the disease, a skin fibroblast culture was studied from a patient carrying a homozygous nonsense mutation in the gene for deoxyguanosine kinase. In situ examination of DNA synthesis demonstrated that, although mtDNA synthesis is cell cycle independent in control fibroblasts, mtDNA synthesis occurs mainly during the S-phase in deoxyguanosine kinase-deficient cells. Consistent with this observation, it was found that the mtDNA content of exponentially growing, deoxyguanosine kinase-deficient cells is only mildly affected. When cycling is inhibited by serum-deprivation and cells are in a resting state, however, the mtDNA content drops considerably in deoxyguanosine kinase-deficient cells, yet remains stable in control fibroblasts. The decline in mtDNA content in resting, deoxyguanosine kinase-deficient cells can be prevented by dGMP and dAMP supplementation, providing conclusive evidence that substrate limitation triggers mtDNA depletion in deoxyguanosine kinase-deficient cells.

Journal Article.  5254 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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