Journal Article

A central nervous system specific mouse model for thanatophoric dysplasia type II

Ti Lin, Stacey B. Sandusky, Haipeng Xue, Kenneth W. Fishbein, Richard G. Spencer, Mahendra S. Rao and Clair A. Francomano

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 12, issue 21, pages 2863-2871
Published in print November 2003 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online November 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddg309
A central nervous system specific mouse model for thanatophoric dysplasia type II

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To investigate the specific effect of the Fgfr3 K644E mutation on central nervous system (CNS) development, we have generated tissue-specific TDII mice by crossing Fgfr3+/K644E-neo transgenic mice with CNS-specific Nestin-cre or cartilage-specific Col2a1-cre mice. TDII/Nestin-cre (TDII-N) neonates did not demonstrate a profound skeletal phenotype. TDII-N pups were comparable to their wild-type littermates in terms of tail length, fore and hindlimbs, and body weight; however, many pups exhibited notably round heads. MRI and histochemical analysis illustrated asymmetric changes in cortical thickness and cerebellar abnormalities in TDII-N mice, which correlate with brain abnormalities observed in human TDII patients. Such abnormalities were not seen in TDII/Col2a1-cre (TDII-C) mice. Upon examination of adult TDII-N spinal cord, premature differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitors was observed. Overall, these data indicate that the tissue-specific mouse model is an excellent system for studying the role of Fgfr3 in the developing CNS.

Journal Article.  5915 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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