Journal Article

Limited capacity of the nuclear matrix to bind telomere repeat binding factor TRF1 may restrict the proliferation of mortal human fibroblasts

Jun Okabe, Akiko Eguchi, Renu Wadhwa, Randeep Rakwal, Rumi Tsukinoki, Takao Hayakawa and Mahito Nakanishi

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 13, issue 3, pages 285-293
Published in print February 2004 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online December 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddh032
Limited capacity of the nuclear matrix to bind telomere repeat binding factor TRF1 may restrict the proliferation of mortal human fibroblasts

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The maintenance of telomere integrity is essential for prolonged cell proliferation, and failure in this mechanism is a most consistent manifestation of cellular senescence. In this study, we investigated the role of telomere repeat binding factor (TRF1) in the proliferation of human fibroblasts. TRF1 expression is upregulated in a large variety of immortal human cells and supports de novo telomere formation in a dose-dependent manner. These observations suggest that the suppression of TRF1 might limit telomere maintenance and thus the life span of mortal cells. However, primary fibroblasts ectopically overexpressing TRF1 were unable to avoid senescence. On the other hand, exogenously expressed TRF1 in primary fibroblasts neither supported de novo telomere formation nor bound to the nuclear matrix as tightly as observed in immortal cells that show upregulated TRF1 expression. We present evidence suggesting that mortal human cells lack specific ligand(s) that anchor TRF1 to the nuclear matrix and that this contributes to their limited lifespan.

Journal Article.  7310 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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