Journal Article

The Wilms' tumour protein (WT1) shuttles between nucleus and cytoplasm and is present in functional polysomes

Martina Niksic, Joan Slight, Jeremy R. Sanford, Javier F. Caceres and Nicholas D. Hastie

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 13, issue 4, pages 463-471
Published in print February 2004 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online December 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddh040
The Wilms' tumour protein (WT1) shuttles between nucleus and cytoplasm and is present in functional polysomes

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Mutations of the Wilms' tumour-1 (WT1) gene in humans can lead to childhood kidney cancer, life-threatening glomerular nephropathy and gonadal dysgenesis. The WT1 protein is normally expressed in the developing genitourinary tract, heart, spleen and adrenal glands and is crucial for their development, however it's function at the molecular level is yet to be fully understood. The protein is predominantly nuclear and there is evidence that the two different isoforms of WT1 (−KTS and +KTS) are involved in two different steps of gene expression control: transcription and RNA processing. In this study we report a novel property of WT1, namely that it shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm. Moreover, western blot analysis showed that between 10 and 50% of total cellular WT1 can be detected in the cytoplasm depending on the cell type. A significant proportion of cytoplasmic WT1 is in association with ribonucleoprotein particles (RNPs), which strengthens the idea of its involvement in RNA metabolism. Furthermore, we report that WT1 is associated with actively translating polysomes, extending even further the potential roles of WT1 and opening the possibility that it is involved in the regulation of translation. Interestingly, despite the functional differences between two of the WT1 isoforms (+/−KTS) within the nucleus, both isoforms share the shuttling property and are found in translating polysomes.

Journal Article.  6483 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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