Journal Article

Mutation in saposin D domain of sphingolipid activator protein gene causes urinary system defects and cerebellar Purkinje cell degeneration with accumulation of hydroxy fatty acid-containing ceramide in mouse

Junko Matsuda, Makiko Kido, Keiko Tadano-Aritomi, Ineo Ishizuka, Kumiko Tominaga, Kazunori Toida, Eiji Takeda, Kunihiko Suzuki and Yasuhiro Kuroda

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 13, issue 21, pages 2709-2723
Published in print November 2004 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online September 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddh281
Mutation in saposin D domain of sphingolipid activator protein gene causes urinary system defects and cerebellar Purkinje cell degeneration with accumulation of hydroxy fatty acid-containing ceramide in mouse

Show Summary Details

Preview

The sphingolipid activator proteins (saposins A, B, C and D) are small homologous glycoproteins that are encoded by a single gene in tandem within a large precursor protein (prosaposin) and are required for in vivo degradation of some sphingolipids with relatively short carbohydrate chains. Human patients with prosaposin or specific saposin B or C deficiency are known, and prosaposin- and saposin A-deficient mouse lines have been generated. Experimental evidence suggests that saposin D may be a lysosomal acid ceramidase activator. However, no specific saposin D deficiency state is known in any mammalian species. We have generated a specific saposin D−/− mouse by introducing a mutation (C509S) into the saposin D domain of the mouse prosaposin gene. Saposin D−/− mice developed progressive polyuria at around 2 months and ataxia at around 4 months. Pathologically, the kidney of saposin D−/− mice showed renal tubular degeneration and eventual hydronephrosis. In the nervous system, progressive and selective loss of the cerebellar Purkinje cells in a striped pattern was conspicuous, and almost all Purkinje cells disappeared by 12 months. Biochemically, ceramides, particularly those containing hydroxy fatty acids accumulated in the kidney and the brain, most prominently in the cerebellum. These results not only indicate the role of saposin D in in vivo ceramide metabolism, but also suggest possible cytotoxicity of ceramide underlying the cerebellar Purkinje cell and renal tubular cell degeneration.

Journal Article.  9640 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.