Journal Article

Altered mRNA splicing of the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor and sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca<sup>2+</sup>-ATPase in myotonic dystrophy type 1

Takashi Kimura, Masayuki Nakamori, John D. Lueck, Pierre Pouliquin, Futoshi Aoike, Harutoshi Fujimura, Robert T. Dirksen, Masanori P. Takahashi, Angela F. Dulhunty and Saburo Sakoda

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 14, issue 15, pages 2189-2200
Published in print August 2005 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online June 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddi223
Altered mRNA splicing of the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor and sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase in myotonic dystrophy type 1

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Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a debilitating multisystemic disorder caused by a CTG repeat expansion in the DMPK gene. Aberrant splicing of several genes has been reported to contribute to some symptoms of DM1, but the cause of muscle weakness in DM1 and elevated Ca2+ concentrations in cultured DM muscle cells is unknown. Here, we investigated the alternative splicing of mRNAs of two major proteins of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, the ryanodine receptor 1 (RyR1) and sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) 1 or 2. The fetal variants, ASI(−) of RyR1 which lacks residue 3481–3485, and SERCA1b which differs at the C-terminal were significantly increased in skeletal muscles from DM1 patients and the transgenic mouse model of DM1 (HSALR). In addition, a novel variant of SERCA2 was significantly decreased in DM1 patients. The total amount of mRNA for RyR1, SERCA1 and SERCA2 in DM1 and the expression levels of their proteins in HSALR mice were not significantly different. However, heterologous expression of ASI(−) in cultured cells showed decreased affinity for [3H]ryanodine but similar Ca2+ dependency, and decreased channel activity in single-channel recording when compared with wild-type (WT) RyR1. In support of this, RyR1-knockout myotubes expressing ASI(−) exhibited a decreased incidence of Ca2+ oscillations during caffeine exposure compared with that observed for myotubes expressing WT-RyR1. We suggest that aberrant splicing of RyR1 and SERCA1 mRNAs might contribute to impaired Ca2+ homeostasis in DM1 muscle.

Journal Article.  8453 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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