Journal Article

No widespread induction of cell death genes occurs in pure motoneurons in an amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mouse model

Florence E. Perrin, Gaelle Boisset, Mylene Docquier, Olivier Schaad, Patrick Descombes and Ann C. Kato

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 14, issue 21, pages 3309-3320
Published in print November 2005 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online September 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddi357

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To identify candidate genes that may be involved in motoneuron degeneration, we combined laser capture microdissection with microarray technology. Gene expression in motoneurons was analyzed during the progression of the disease in transgenic SOD1G93A mice that develop motoneuron loss. Three major observations were made: first, there was only a small number of genes that were differentially expressed in motoneurons at a pre-symptomatic age (27 out of 34 000 transcripts). Secondly, there is an early specific up-regulation of the gene coding for the intermediate filament vimentin that is increased even further during disease progression. Using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analysis, we show that vimentin expression was not only elevated in motoneurons but that the protein formed inclusions in the motoneuron cytoplasm. Thirdly, a time-course analysis of the motoneurons at a symptomatic age (90 and 120 days) showed a modest de-regulation of only a few genes associated with cell death pathways; however, a massive up-regulation of genes involved in cell growth and/or maintenance was observed. This is the first description of the gene profile of SOD1G93A motoneurons during disease progression and unexpectedly, no widespread induction of cell death-associated genes was detected in motoneurons of SOD1G93A mice.

Journal Article.  8980 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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