Journal Article

<i>In vivo</i> misregulation of genes involved in apoptosis, development and oxidative stress in mice lacking both functional Werner syndrome protein and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1

François Deschênes, Laurent Massip, Chantal Garand and Michel Lebel

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 14, issue 21, pages 3293-3308
Published in print November 2005 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online September 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddi362
In vivo misregulation of genes involved in apoptosis, development and oxidative stress in mice lacking both functional Werner syndrome protein and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1

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Werner syndrome (WS) is a rare disorder characterized by the premature onset of a number of age-related diseases. The gene responsible for WS is believed to be involved in different aspects of transcription, replication and/or DNA repair. The poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) enzyme is also involved in DNA repair and is known to affect transcription of several genes. In this study, we examined the expression profile of cells lacking the normal function of either or both enzymes. All mutant cells exhibited altered expression of genes normally responding to oxidative stress. Interestingly, more than 58% of misregulated genes identified in double mutant cells were not altered in cells with either the Wrn or PARP-1 mutation alone. So, the impact on gene expression profile when both Wrn and PARP-1 are mutated was greater than a simple addition of individual mutant genotype. In addition, double mutant cultured cells showed major misregulation of genes involved in apoptosis, cell cycle control, embryonic development, metabolism and signal transduction. More importantly, in vivo analyses of double mutant mice have confirmed the increased apoptosis and the developmental defects in embryos as well as the major increase in intracellular phosphorylation and oxidative DNA damage in adult tissues. They also exhibited a progressive increase in oxidative stress with age. Thus, a major result of this study is that changes in expression of several genes and physiological functions identified in vitro were confirmed in mouse embryonic and adult tissues.

Journal Article.  11277 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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