Journal Article

β-Mannosidosis mice: a model for the human lysosomal storage disease

Mei Zhu, Kathryn L. Lovell, Jon S. Patterson, Thomas L. Saunders, Elizabeth D. Hughes and Karen H. Friderici

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 15, issue 3, pages 493-500
Published in print February 2006 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online December 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddi465
β-Mannosidosis mice: a model for the human lysosomal storage disease

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β-Mannosidase, a lysosomal enzyme which acts exclusively at the last step of oligosaccharide catabolism in glycoprotein degradation, functions to cleave the unique β-linked mannose sugar found in all N-linked oligosaccharides of glycoproteins. Deficiency of this enzyme results in β-mannosidosis, a lysosomal storage disease characterized by the cellular accumulation of small oligosaccharides. In human β-mannosidosis, the clinical presentation is variable and can be mild, even when caused by functionally null mutations. In contrast, two existing ruminant animal models have disease that is consistent and severe. To further explore the molecular pathology of this disease and to investigate potential treatment strategies, we produced a β-mannosidase knockout mouse. Homozygous mutant mice have undetectable β-mannosidase activity. General appearance and growth of the knockout mice are similar to the wild-type littermates. At >1 year of age, these mice exhibit no dysmorphology or overt neurological problems. The mutant animals have consistent cytoplasmic vacuolation in the central nervous system and minimal vacuolation in most visceral organs. Thin-layer chromatography demonstrated an accumulation of disaccharide in epididymis and brain. This mouse model closely resembles human β-mannosidosis and provides a useful tool for studying the phenotypic variation in different species and will facilitate the study of potential therapies for lysosomal storage diseases.

Journal Article.  4853 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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