Journal Article

<i>ABCB1/MDR1</i> gene determines susceptibility and phenotype in ulcerative colitis: discrimination of critical variants using a gene-wide haplotype tagging approach

G.-T. Ho, N. Soranzo, E.R. Nimmo, A. Tenesa, D.B. Goldstein and J. Satsangi

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 15, issue 5, pages 797-805
Published in print March 2006 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online January 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddi494
ABCB1/MDR1 gene determines susceptibility and phenotype in ulcerative colitis: discrimination of critical variants using a gene-wide haplotype tagging approach

Show Summary Details

Preview

Several lines of evidence suggest a role for the multidrug resistance gene (ABCB1/MDR1) and its product, P-glycoprotein 170, in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In addition, P-glycoprotein activity determines bioavailability of many drugs used regularly in many medical specialities, and ABCB/MDR1 variation appears to be a critical pharmacogenetic determinant. We have utilized a gene-wide haplotype tagging approach to further define the identity of germ-line variations in the ABCB1/MDR1 gene contributing to IBD susceptibility. Six haplotype tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) representing the haplotypic variations of the ABCB1/MDR1 gene were identified initially following the characterization of the haplotype structure of this gene in 24 Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain Caucasian trios. Genotyping was performed in 249 ulcerative colitis (UC) and 179 Crohn's disease (CD) patients and 260 healthy controls. Using log-likelihood analysis, we observed a highly significant association between the common haplotypes and UC (P=4.22×10−7) but not CD (P=0.22). This significant association was critically dependent on one tSNP, intronic variant rs3789243. All haplotypes with this variant retained a highly significant association (P=3.2×10−7–3.6×10−12), whereas significance was lost when rs3789243 was dropped in systematic haplotypic analysis. The effect of this tSNP was independent of C3435T SNP, previously suggested to be the critical variant in disease susceptibility and drug transport. The association with UC was shown to be strongest with the phenotype of extensive disease (P=1.7×10−7). This ‘candidate gene’ approach provides compelling evidence to support the contribution of the ABCB1/MDR1 gene in determining risk to UC but not to CD and provides new insights into the localization of the critical susceptibility determinants within the gene. In addition, these findings have potentially important implications in the application of pharmacogenetics across a range of common diseases, including HIV, epilepsy and colorectal cancer.

Journal Article.  7105 words. 

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.