Journal Article

Meta-analysis shows strong positive association of the neuregulin 1 (<i>NRG1</i>) gene with schizophrenia

Dawei Li, David A. Collier and Lin He

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 15, issue 12, pages 1995-2002
Published in print June 2006 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online May 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddl122
Meta-analysis shows strong positive association of the neuregulin 1 (NRG1) gene with schizophrenia

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Chromosome 8p22-p11 has been identified as a locus for schizophrenia in several genome-wide scans and confirmed by meta-analysis of published linkage data. Systematic fine mapping using extended Icelandic pedigrees identified an associated haplotype in the gene neuregulin 1 (NRG1), also known as heuregulin, glial growth factor, NDF43 and ARIA. A 290 kb core at risk haplotype at the 5′ end of the gene (HAPICE), defined by five SNPs and two microsatellite polymorphisms was found to be associated with schizophrenia in the Icelandic and Scottish populations. A number of subsequent independent studies have attempted to replicate the association, and while some have been successful, the associated haplotype is not always HAPICE. Furthermore, no obviously functional or pathogenic variants have been identified, and the relationship between the gene and schizophrenia has remained inconclusive. To reconcile these conflicting findings and to give a comprehensive picture of the genetic architecture of this important gene, we performed a meta-analysis of 13 published population-based and family-based association studies up to November 2005. We analysed data from the SNP markers SNP8NRG241930, SNP8NRG243177, SNP8NRG221132 and SNP8NRG221533, and the microsatellite markers 478B14-848, 420M9-1395. Across these studies, strong positive association was found for all six polymorphisms. The haplotype analysis also showed significant association in the pooled international populations (OR=1.22, 95% CI 1.15–1.3, P=8×10−10). In Asian populations, the risk haplotype was focused around the two microsatellite markers, 478B14-848, 420M9-1395 (haplotype block B), and in Caucasian populations with the remaining four SNP markers (haplotype block A). This meta-analysis supports the involvement of NRG1 in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, but with association between two different but adjacent haplotypes blocks in the Caucasian and Asian populations.

Journal Article.  5290 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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