Journal Article

Severe pancreas hypoplasia and multicystic renal dysplasia in two human fetuses carrying novel <i>HNF1β/MODY5</i> mutations

Cécile Haumaitre, Mélanie Fabre, Sarah Cormier, Clarisse Baumann, Anne-Lise Delezoide and Silvia Cereghini

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 15, issue 15, pages 2363-2375
Published in print August 2006 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online June 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddl161
Severe pancreas hypoplasia and multicystic renal dysplasia in two human fetuses carrying novel HNF1β/MODY5 mutations

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Heterozygous mutations in the HNF1β/vHNF1/TCF2 gene cause maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY5), associated with severe renal disease and abnormal genital tract. Here, we characterize two fetuses, a 27-week male and a 31.5-week female, carrying novel mutations in exons 2 and 7 of HNF1β, respectively. Although these mutations were predicted to have different functional consequences, both fetuses displayed highly similar phenotypes. They presented one of the most severe phenotypes described in HNF1β carriers: bilateral enlarged polycystic kidneys, severe pancreas hypoplasia and abnormal genital tract. Consistent with this, we detected high levels of HNF1β transcripts in 8-week human embryos in the mesonephros and metanephric kidney and in the epithelium of pancreas. Renal histology and immunohistochemistry analyses of mutant fetuses revealed cysts derived from all nephron segments with multilayered epithelia and dysplastic regions, accompanied by a marked increase in the expression of β-catenin and E-cadherin. A significant proportion of cysts still expressed the cystic renal disease proteins, polycystin-1, polycystin-2, fibrocystin and uromodulin, implying that cyst formation may result from a deregulation of cell–cell adhesion and/or the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Both fetuses exhibited a severe pancreatic hypoplasia with underdeveloped and disorganized acini, together with an absence of ventral pancreatic-derived tissue. β-catenin and E-cadherin were strongly downregulated in the exocrine and endocrine compartments, and the islets lacked the transporter essential for glucose-sensing GLUT2, indicating a β-cell maturation defect. This study provides evidence of differential gene-dosage requirements for HNF1β in normal human kidney and pancreas differentiation and increases our understanding of the etiology of MODY5 disorder.

Journal Article.  7839 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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