Journal Article

Characterization and investigation of single nucleotide polymorphisms and a novel TLR2 mutation in the human TLR2 gene

Sabine Merx, Michael Neumaier, Hermann Wagner, Carsten J Kirschning and Parviz Ahmad-Nejad

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 16, issue 10, pages 1225-1232
Published in print May 2007 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online April 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddm070
Characterization and investigation of single nucleotide polymorphisms and a novel TLR2 mutation in the human TLR2 gene

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In the innate immune system, TLR2 plays a central role for the response to a wide variety of microbial and endogenous danger signals. A considerable number of genetic polymorphisms within the human TLR2 gene have been reported in non-coding and coding sequences. Except for the Arg753Gln variant, however, their clinical relevance is unclear and the assessment of the effects of amino acid substitutions on receptor function is lacking. In the present study, we have characterized all known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TLR2 for their functional relevance in transiently transfected HEK293 cells subsequently exposed to a specific stimulus. Among the known non-synonymous SNPs in the TLR2 coding sequence, four SNPs (Thr411Ile, Tyr715stop, Tyr715Lys and Arg753Gln) were found to be functionally relevant in our experimental setting. In addition, we identified a new mutation Arg447stop leading to a premature stop codon in the extracellular portion of the receptor. TLR2-specific stimulation of whole blood from two heterozygote donors of this mutation resulted in a reduced secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Finally, we tested the prevalence of these functional genetic variants in 169 healthy individuals of Caucasian origin for the mutations in the extracellular domain and 106 individuals for the mutations in the intracellular domain of the receptor. Except for 10 heterozygote donors of the Arg753Gln variant determined to be prevalent in 9.4% of the tested individuals, none of the other SNPs was found in this population.

Journal Article.  4822 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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