Journal Article

Association between variations in <i>CAT</i> and noise-induced hearing loss in two independent noise-exposed populations

Annelies Konings, Lut Van Laer, Malgorzata Pawelczyk, Per-Inge Carlsson, Marie-Louise Bondeson, Elzbieta Rajkowska, Adam Dudarewicz, Ann Vandevelde, Erik Fransen, Jeroen Huyghe, Erik Borg, Mariola Sliwinska-Kowalska and Guy Van Camp

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 16, issue 15, pages 1872-1883
Published in print August 2007 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online June 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddm135
Association between variations in CAT and noise-induced hearing loss in two independent noise-exposed populations

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Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is an important occupational hazard that results from an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Although the environmental risk factors have been studied quite extensively, little is known about the genetic factors. On the basis of multiple studies, it was proposed that oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of NIHL. Here, we investigated whether variations (single nucleotide polymorphisms; SNPs) in the catalase gene (CAT), one of the genes involved in oxidative stress, influence noise susceptibility. Audiometric data from 1261 Swedish and 4500 Polish noise-exposed labourers were analysed. DNA samples were collected from the 10% most susceptible and the 10% most resistant individuals. Twelve SNPs were selected and genotyped. Subsequently, the interaction between noise exposure and genotypes and their effect on NIHL were analysed using logistic regression. Significant interactions were observed between noise exposure levels and genotypes of two SNPs for the Swedish population and of five SNPs for the Polish population. Two of these SNPs were significant in both populations. The interaction between predictor haplotypes and tagSNP haplotypes and noise exposure levels and their effect on NIHL were also analysed, resulting in several significant associations. In conclusion, this study identified significant associations between catalase SNPs and haplotypes and susceptibility to development of NIHL. These results indicate that catalase is a NIHL susceptibility gene, but that the effect of CAT polymorphisms can only be detected when noise exposure levels are taken into account.

Journal Article.  7807 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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