Journal Article

SUT-1 enables tau-induced neurotoxicity in <i>C</i>. <i>elegans</i>

Brian C. Kraemer and Gerard D. Schellenberg

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 16, issue 16, pages 1959-1971
Published in print August 2007 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online June 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddm143
SUT-1 enables tau-induced neurotoxicity in C. elegans

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We previously reported a transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans model for tauopathies in which expression of human tau in neurons caused insoluble phosphorylated tau accumulation, neurodegeneration and uncoordinated movement (Unc). To identify genes participating in tau neurotoxicity, we conducted a forward genetic screen for mutations that ameliorate tau-induced uncoordination. The recessive mutation sut-1(bk79) partially suppresses the Unc phenotype, tau aggregation and neurodegenerative changes caused by tau. We identified the sut-1 gene and found it encodes a novel protein. We conducted a yeast two hybrid screen to identify SUT-1 binding partners and found UNC-34, the C. elegans homolog of the cytoskeletal regulatory protein Enabled (ENA). In vitro protein binding assays and genetic studies validated the interaction between SUT-1 and UNC-34. The SUT-1/UNC-34 protein–protein interaction plays a role in both the normal function of UNC-34 and in the tau-induced phenotype. Thus, we have found a conserved molecular pathway participating in tau neurotoxicity in C. elegans.

Journal Article.  7132 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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