Journal Article

A block of autophagy in lysosomal storage disorders

Carmine Settembre, Alessandro Fraldi, Luca Jahreiss, Carmine Spampanato, Consuelo Venturi, Diego Medina, Raquel de Pablo, Carlo Tacchetti, David C. Rubinsztein and Andrea Ballabio

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 17, issue 1, pages 119-129
Published in print January 2008 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online October 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddm289
A block of autophagy in lysosomal storage disorders

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Most lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) are caused by deficiencies of lysosomal hydrolases. While LSDs were among the first inherited diseases for which the underlying biochemical defects were identified, the mechanisms from enzyme deficiency to cell death are poorly understood. Here we show that lysosomal storage impairs autophagic delivery of bulk cytosolic contents to lysosomes. By studying the mouse models of two LSDs associated with severe neurodegeneration, multiple sulfatase deficiency (MSD) and mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA (MPSIIIA), we observed an accumulation of autophagosomes resulting from defective autophagosome-lysosome fusion. An impairment of the autophagic pathway was demonstrated by the inefficient degradation of exogenous aggregate-prone proteins (i.e. expanded huntingtin and mutated alpha-synuclein) in cells from LSD mice. This impairment resulted in massive accumulation of polyubiquitinated proteins and of dysfunctional mitochondria which are the putative mediators of cell death. These data identify LSDs as ‘autophagy disorders’ and suggest the presence of common mechanisms in the pathogenesis of these and other neurodegenerative diseases.

Journal Article.  4748 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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