Journal Article

Kidney-specific inactivation of the <i>Pkd1</i> gene induces rapid cyst formation in developing kidneys and a slow onset of disease in adult mice

Irma S. Lantinga-van Leeuwen, Wouter N. Leonhard, Annemieke van der Wal, Martijn H. Breuning, Emile de Heer and Dorien J.M. Peters

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 16, issue 24, pages 3188-3196
Published in print December 2007 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online October 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddm299
Kidney-specific inactivation of the Pkd1 gene induces rapid cyst formation in developing kidneys and a slow onset of disease in adult mice

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Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, caused by mutations in the PKD1 gene, is characterized by progressive deterioration of kidney function due to the formation of thousands of cysts leading to kidney failure in mid-life or later. How cysts develop and grow is currently unknown, although extensive research revealed a plethora of cellular changes in cyst lining cells. We have constructed a tamoxifen-inducible, kidney epithelium-specific Pkd1-deletion mouse model. Upon administration of tamoxifen to these mice, a genomic fragment containing exons 2–11 of the Pkd1-gene is specifically deleted in the kidneys and cysts are formed. Interestingly, the timing of Pkd1-deletion has strong effects on the phenotype. At 1 month upon gene disruption, adult mice develop only a very mild cystic phenotype showing some small cysts and dilated tubules. Young mice, however, show massive cyst formation. In these mice, at the moment of gene disruption, cell proliferation takes place to elongate the nephron. Our data indicate that Pkd1 gene deficiency does not initiate sufficient autonomous cell proliferation leading to cyst formation and that additional stimuli are required. Furthermore, we show that one germ-line mutation of Pkd1 is already associated with increased proliferation.

Journal Article.  5934 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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