Journal Article

HYPK, a Huntingtin interacting protein, reduces aggregates and apoptosis induced by N-terminal Huntingtin with 40 glutamines in Neuro2a cells and exhibits chaperone-like activity

Swasti Raychaudhuri, Mithun Sinha, Debashis Mukhopadhyay and Nitai P. Bhattacharyya

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 17, issue 2, pages 240-255
Published in print January 2008 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online October 2007 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddm301
HYPK, a Huntingtin interacting protein, reduces aggregates and apoptosis induced by N-terminal Huntingtin with 40 glutamines in Neuro2a cells and exhibits chaperone-like activity

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Expansion of polymorphic glutamine (Q) numbers present at the protein Huntingtin (Htt) beyond 36Q results in its misfolding and aggregation, and the aggregates recruit several other proteins. Here we show that HYPK, initially identified as an Htt-interacting partner by yeast two-hybrid assay, physically interacts with N-terminal Htt in Neuro2A cells and alters the numbers and distribution of aggregates formed by N-terminal Htt with 40Q. HYPK also alters the kinetics of mutated N-terminal Htt-mediated aggregate formation. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching studies reveal that over-expression of HYPK results in the appearance of Htt poly Q aggregates, which upon bleaching recovers ~80% of initial fluorescence intensity within 6 min. Fluorescence loss in photobleaching studies indicate loss off fluorescence intensity of the aggregates with time in presence of HYPK. Over-expression of this protein reduces poly Q-mediated caspase-2, caspase-3 and caspase-8 activations, whereas γ ray-induced activations of these enzymes are not affected. In vitro and in vivo studies demonstrate that HYPK possesses a novel chaperone-like activity. We conclude that HYPK, without having any sequence similarity with known chaperones, plays an effective role in protecting neuronal cells against apoptosis induced by mutated N-terminal Htt by modulating the aggregate formation.

Journal Article.  9888 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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