Journal Article

Multiple layers of molecular controls modulate self-renewal and neuronal lineage specification of embryonic stem cells

Gene W. Yeo, Nicole Coufal, Stefan Aigner, Beate Winner, Jonathan A. Scolnick, Maria C.N. Marchetto, Alysson R. Muotri, Christian Carson and Fred H. Gage

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 17, issue R1, pages R67-R75
Published in print April 2008 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online April 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddn065
Multiple layers of molecular controls modulate self-renewal and neuronal lineage specification of embryonic stem cells

Show Summary Details

Preview

Elucidating the molecular changes that arise during neural differentiation and fate specification is crucial for building accurate in vitro models of neurodegenerative diseases using human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Here we review the importance of hESCs and derived progenitors in treating and modeling neurological diseases, and summarize the current efforts for the differentiation of hESCs into neural progenitors and defined neurons. We recapitulate the recent findings and discuss open questions on aspects of molecular control of gene expression by chromatin modification and methylation, posttranscriptional regulation by alternative splicing and the action of microRNAs, and protein modification. An integrative view of the different levels will hopefully provide much needed insight into understanding stem cell biology.

Journal Article.  5565 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.