Journal Article

Genome-wide association meta-analysis for total serum bilirubin levels

Andrew D. Johnson, Maryam Kavousi, Albert V. Smith, Ming-Huei Chen, Abbas Dehghan, Thor Aspelund, Jing-Ping Lin, Cornelia M. van Duijn, Tamara B. Harris, L. Adrienne Cupples, Andre G. Uitterlinden, Lenore Launer, Albert Hofman, Fernando Rivadeneira, Bruno Stricker, Qiong Yang, Christopher J. O'Donnell, Vilmundur Gudnason and Jacqueline C. Witteman

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 18, issue 14, pages 2700-2710
Published in print July 2009 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online May 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddp202
Genome-wide association meta-analysis for total serum bilirubin levels

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Variation in serum bilirubin is associated with altered cardiovascular disease risk and drug metabolism. We aimed to identify genetic contributors to variability in serum bilirubin levels by combining results from three genome-wide association studies (Framingham heart study, n = 3424; Rotterdam study, n = 3847; Age, Gene, Environment and Susceptibility-Reykjavik, n = 2193). Meta-analysis showed strong replication for a genetic influence on serum bilirubin levels of the UGT1A1 locus (P < 5 × 10−324) and a 12p12.2 locus. The peak signal in the 12p12.2 region was a non-synonymous SNP in SLCO1B1 (rs4149056, P = 6.7 × 10−13), which gives rise to a valine to alanine amino acid change leading to reduced activity for a hepatic transporter with known affinity for bilirubin. There were also suggestive associations with several other loci. The top variants in UGT1A1 and SLCO1B1 explain ∼18.0 and ∼1.0% of the variation in total serum bilirubin levels, respectively. In a conditional analysis adjusted for individual genotypes for the top UGT1A1 variant, the top SLCO1B1 variant remained highly significant (P = 7.3 × 10−13), but no other variants achieved genome-wide significance. In one of the largest genetic studies of bilirubin to date (n = 9464), we confirm the substantial genetic influence of UGT1A1 variants, consistent with past linkage and association studies, and additionally provide strong evidence of a role for allelic variation in SLCO1B1. Given the involvement of bilirubin in a number of physiological and disease processes, and the roles for UGT1A1 and SLCO1B1 in drug metabolism, these genetic findings have potential clinical importance. In analyses for association with gallbladder disease or gallstones, top bilirubin SNPs in UGT1A1 and SLCO1B1 were not associated.

Journal Article.  5574 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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