Journal Article

Common variants in <i>KCNQ1</i> are associated with type 2 diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in a Chinese Han population

Qibin Qi, Huaixing Li, Ruth J.F. Loos, Chen Liu, Ying Wu, Frank B. Hu, Hongyu Wu, Ling Lu, Zhijie Yu and Xu Lin

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 18, issue 18, pages 3508-3515
Published in print September 2009 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online June 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddp294
Common variants in KCNQ1 are associated with type 2 diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in a Chinese Han population

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Common variants in KCNQ1 have recently been reported to be associated with type 2 diabetes in East Asians. We aimed to examine whether these common variants (rs2074196, rs2237892, rs2237895 and rs2237897) were also associated with type 2 diabetes in a population-based cohort of 3210 Chinese Hans and to explore the underlying mechanisms. The SNPs rs2237892, rs2237895 and rs2237897 were significantly associated with type 2 diabetes (OR: 1.33–1.36, P ≤ 0.0009), impaired fasting glucose (IFG) (OR: 1.16–1.19, P ≤ 0.0193) and combined IFG/type 2 diabetes (OR: 1.23–1.24, P ≤ 0.0004), and the corresponding population attributable risks of type 2 diabetes for the three SNPs were 32.5, 18.8 and 35.8%, respectively. However, rs2074196 showed a weak, but significant association with IFG (OR: 1.18 [1.04–1.33], P = 0.009) and combined IFG/type 2 diabetes (OR: 1.17 [1.05–1.30], P = 0.0053), as well as a trend toward association with type 2 diabetes (OR: 1.15 [0.98–1.35], P = 0.0882), suggesting a different pattern of association when compared with the other three SNPs. The four SNPs were all significantly associated with HOMA-B (P ≤ 0.042) while rs2237895 and rs22378897 also showed significant association with fasting glucose (P ≤ 0.012). Notably, the associations with type 2 diabetes were markedly attenuated after adjusting for HOMA-B (ORrs2237892: 1.33 [1.05–1.68], P = 0.018; ORrs2237895: 1.24 [1.00–1.54], P = 0.0524; ORrs2237897: 1.22[0.98–1.53], P = 0.09). Moreover, GCCC haplotype showed similar associations with type 2 diabetes (OR: 1.48 [1.17–1.85], P = 0.0008), IFG (OR: 1.32 [1.10–1.57], P = 0.0023), combined IFG/type 2 diabetes (OR: 1.37 [1.17–1.61], P = 8.7 × 10−5), and lower HOMA-B values (β = −4.41 ± 1.62, P = 0.006). These results suggest that KCNQ1 is a major type 2 diabetes gene in the Chinese Hans and it may confer type 2 diabetes risk by impaired β-cell function.

Journal Article.  5038 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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