Journal Article

Genome-wide association study of homocysteine levels in Filipinos provides evidence for <i>CPS1</i> in women and a stronger <i>MTHFR</i> effect in young adults

Leslie A. Lange, Damien C. Croteau-Chonka, Amanda F. Marvelle, Li Qin, Kyle J. Gaulton, Christopher W. Kuzawa, Thomas W. McDade, Yunfei Wang, Yun Li, Shawn Levy, Judith B. Borja, Ethan M. Lange, Linda S. Adair and Karen L. Mohlke

in Human Molecular Genetics

Volume 19, issue 10, pages 2050-2058
Published in print May 2010 | ISSN: 0964-6906
Published online February 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2083 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddq062
Genome-wide association study of homocysteine levels in Filipinos provides evidence for CPS1 in women and a stronger MTHFR effect in young adults

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Plasma homocysteine (Hcy) level is associated with cardiovascular disease and may play an etiologic role in vascular damage, a precursor for atherosclerosis. We performed a genome-wide association study for Hcy in 1786 unrelated Filipino women from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (CLHNS). The most strongly associated single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs7422339, P = 4.7 × 10−13) encodes Thr1405Asn in the gene CPS1 and explained 3.0% of variation in the Hcy level. The widely studied MTHFR C677T SNP (rs1801133) was also highly significant (P = 8.7 × 10−10) and explained 1.6% of the trait variation. We also genotyped these two SNPs in 1679 CLHNS young adult offspring. The MTHFR C677T SNP was strongly associated with Hcy (P = 1.9 × 10−26) and explained ∼5.1% of the variation in the offspring. In contrast, the CPS1 variant was significant only in females (P = 0.11 in all; P = 0.0087 in females). Combined analysis of all samples confirmed that the MTHFR variant was more strongly associated with Hcy in the offspring (interaction P = 1.2 × 10−5). Furthermore, although there was evidence for a positive synergistic effect between the CPS1 and MTHFR SNPs in the offspring (interaction P = 0.0046), there was no significant evidence for an interaction in the mothers (P = 0.55). These data confirm a recent finding that CPS1 is a locus influencing Hcy levels in women and suggest that genetic effects on Hcy may differ across developmental stages.

Journal Article.  5951 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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